V rámci projektu CIVITAS ELAN Statutární město Brno spolu s Dopravním podnikem města Brna, a.s. realizovalo šest opatření.
Improving Bus Service for Disabled Persons - Minibuses
Within the measure 5 new low-floor minibuses were introduced and thus the attractiveness of the public transport for the disabled and wheelchair users was increased. The new minibuses also helped to ensure the operation of the public transport in areas where the demand is low especially during off-peak hours.
Most frequently the minibuses are operating on special lines n.81 and n.82 which are connecting the housing areas and the city centre. These lines have an interchange point in the city centre. During the off-peak hours (in the evenings, weekends) the minibuses are also operating on the lines with low demand where the usage of the standard buses wouldn’t be effective. At the weekends, the minibuses also can be used for trips of the disabled out of Brno (e.g. for shopping).
The minibuses have a special variable interior: space for at least 6 wheelchairs and folding seats can be easily changed to standard seats. Minibuses are also equipped with a modern information system and a loading ramp. The new smaller buses have also better manoeuvrability and they are more suitable for narrow city centre passages. It can help the disabled and wheelchair users to reach the city centre (pedestrian area) more easily.
The Fiat Mave minibuses have the EURO 4 emission standard and are thus more environmentally friendly in comparison to the standard buses thanks to the lower fuel consumption.
The impact evaluation shows that the measure was overall a successful example and may be recommended to replicate in other cities. Here we propose the overview of key results:
- Lower emissions (CO, NOX, particles, HC) – the emissions decreased because the emission standard of the buses is higher (old buses - EURO 0 vs. minibuses - EURO 4). The targeted decrease by 30% was exceeded.
- Improved vehicle Fuel efficiency – minibuses with lower fuel consumption (19l/100 km) are more than 2.5 times more fuel efficient than the standard low-floor buses (fuel consumption 45 l/100 km) and 1.9 times more efficient than the old buses (fuel consumption 36 l/100). The initial goal to save 10l/100km was therefore exceeded.
- Decreased operating costs - represented by cost on fuel. The operation of the minibuses (0.20 €/km) is 1.7 times cheaper than the operation of the old buses (0.33 €/km).
- High acceptance – According to the organised meeting with the target group (disabled citizens) appreciates the direct connections with the city centre and the hospitals provided by minibuses, especially during the winter when it is difficult to use other connections such as the low-floor trams, trolleybuses or buses.
To present this measure to the public DPMB published articles in the regional newspapers and in the periodical magazine about public transport in Brno for passengers. During the European Mobility Week and CIVITAS Day the measure was presented to the public. The measure and the CIVITAS ELAN project were also presented at the targeted expert meeting of public transport operators which took place in the city of Most (April 2012) and at several exhibitions within the Czech republic.
The European platform for the exchange of information, knowledge and experiencies in the fiels of urban mobility prepared the video and case study about the service of minibuses - available here.
Downloads: Implementation status report on minibuses (PDF 4,3 MB)